7 Types Of Deeds In Texas

Real estate transactions involve the transfer of property ownership from one party to another. In Texas, this transfer is typically accomplished through a legal document known as a deed. Deeds play a crucial role in establishing and conveying property rights, and understanding the different types of deeds is essential for both buyers and sellers. In this article, we will delve into the seven primary types of deeds commonly used in Texas.

7 Types Of Deeds In Texas

1. General Warranty Deed

The General Warranty Deed is one of the most common types used in Texas real estate transactions. It provides the highest level of protection for the buyer because it includes warranties or guarantees from the seller regarding the property’s title. These warranties cover any defects or issues that may arise in the chain of title, ensuring that the buyer receives clear and marketable title to the property.

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2. Special Warranty Deed

Similar to the General Warranty Deed, the Special Warranty Deed also provides assurances from the seller regarding the title. However, the warranties are limited to issues that occurred during the seller’s ownership of the property. This means that the seller is not responsible for defects or claims that existed before their ownership.

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3. Quitclaim Deed

A Quitclaim Deed is a less comprehensive type of deed that conveys the seller’s interest in the property without making any warranties or guarantees about the title. It essentially transfers whatever interest the seller has in the property, without specifying the nature or extent of that interest. Quitclaim deeds are often used in situations where the transferor is not certain about the property’s title.

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4. Special Purpose Deed

Special Purpose Deeds are used for specific circumstances, such as correcting errors in a previously recorded deed, transferring property to a trust, or conveying property to a government entity. Examples of special purpose deeds include Correction Deeds, Trustee’s Deeds, and Sheriff’s Deeds.

5. Trustee’s Deed

A Trustee’s Deed is utilized when a property is held in a trust. It allows the trustee to convey the property to another party. This type of deed is commonly associated with living trusts or revocable trusts, and it provides a legal mechanism for the transfer of trust property.

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6. Sheriff’s Deed

Sheriff’s Deeds are issued when a property is sold as a result of a court-ordered foreclosure. The sheriff, acting as an agent of the court, transfers ownership of the foreclosed property to the highest bidder at a public auction. This type of deed is often used in mortgage foreclosure proceedings.

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7. Lady Bird Deed

A Lady Bird Deed, also known as an Enhanced Life Estate Deed, is a unique type of deed used in estate planning. It allows the grantor to retain control over the property during their lifetime while ensuring that the property passes directly to a designated beneficiary upon their death, bypassing the probate process.

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Deeds Used in Texas:

In Texas, various types of deeds are utilized for property transfers. Common examples include General Warranty Deeds, Special Warranty Deeds, Quitclaim Deeds, Special Purpose Deeds (such as Trustee’s Deeds and Sheriff’s Deeds), Lady Bird Deeds, and more.

Most Popular Type of Deed:

The General Warranty Deed is widely used and is considered the most popular type of deed in Texas. It offers comprehensive protections for the buyer by including warranties from the seller regarding the property’s title.

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Best Kind of Deeds:

The “best” kind of deed depends on specific circumstances. General Warranty Deeds are often considered highly secure due to the extensive warranties provided by the seller. However, the “best” deed depends on factors such as the nature of the property transfer and the preferences of the parties involved.

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Texas Grant Deed:

A Texas Grant Deed is not a specific type of deed commonly used in Texas. Instead, it is more closely related to deeds used in other states. In Texas, the focus is on deeds like General Warranty, Special Warranty, and Quitclaim Deeds, among others.

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Most Common Type of Deed in Texas:

The General Warranty Deed is the most common type of deed in Texas. Its popularity stems from the comprehensive protection it offers to the buyer regarding the property’s title.

Finding a Deed in Texas:

Deeds in Texas are recorded at the county level. To find a deed, individuals can visit the county clerk’s office or use online databases provided by some counties. Online services like the TexasOnline Records System can also be utilized to search for and obtain copies of deeds.

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Four Deeds:

There isn’t a specific set of four deeds universally recognized, but common types include General Warranty Deeds, Special Warranty Deeds, Quitclaim Deeds, and Special Purpose Deeds like Trustee’s Deeds or Correction Deeds.

Safest Type of Deed:

The General Warranty Deed is often considered the safest type of deed for buyers. It provides extensive warranties from the seller, offering a high level of protection against potential title issues.

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Weakest Type of Deed:

The Quitclaim Deed is generally considered the weakest type of deed in terms of the protection it offers. It conveys the seller’s interest without any warranties or guarantees about the title, making it less secure compared to other deed types.


Understanding the various types of deeds in Texas is crucial for anyone involved in real estate transactions. Whether you are a buyer, seller, or real estate professional, choosing the right type of deed depends on the specific circumstances of the transfer and the level of protection desired. Consulting with legal professionals and real estate experts can provide invaluable guidance in navigating the complexities of property transactions in the Lone Star State.

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