12 Types Of Doves In Texas

Texas, a state renowned for its vast landscapes and rich biodiversity, is home to a remarkable variety of bird species, including an array of doves. Doves, belonging to the family Columbidae, are known for their gentle demeanor and soothing coos. In Texas, these birds play an essential role in the state’s ecosystem and contribute to its vibrant avian tapestry. Let’s explore the top 12 types of doves that grace the skies of the Lone Star State.

12 Types Of Doves In Texas

1. Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura):

The Mourning Dove, characterized by its soft, mournful cooing, is one of the most common and widespread doves in Texas. These medium-sized doves are easily identifiable by their subtle grayish-brown plumage and pointed tails.

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2. White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica):

Named for the distinctive white crescent on its wings, the White-winged Dove is a native species to Texas. These doves are often found in urban areas and are recognized for their unique vocalizations and large, round eyes.

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3. Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto):

Initially introduced to the Bahamas, the Eurasian Collared-Dove has rapidly expanded its range across North America, including Texas. Recognizable by its pale gray color and distinctive “collar” markings on the nape, this dove is a common sight around residential areas.

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4. Inca Dove (Columbina inca):

Known for its small size and intricate feather patterns, the Inca Dove is a charming resident of Texas. These doves are often seen foraging on the ground in search of seeds, and their unique, scaled appearance sets them apart from other dove species.

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5. Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina):

As one of the smallest dove species in Texas, the Common Ground-Dove is characterized by its sandy-brown plumage and a distinctive pinkish hue on its chest. These doves prefer open habitats like fields and grasslands.

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6. Rock Pigeon (Columba livia):

While often associated with urban environments, Rock Pigeons are widespread across Texas. These adaptable birds come in various colors and patterns, and their familiar cooing can be heard in both cityscapes and rural areas.

7. Scaled Quail (Callipepla squamata):

Also known as the Blue Quail, the Scaled Quail is often misidentified as a dove due to its dove-like appearance. These ground-dwelling birds are part of the quail family but share habitat and behavior similarities with doves.

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8. Red-billed Pigeon (Patagioenas flavirostris):

Occasionally spotted in the southern regions of Texas, the Red-billed Pigeon is a striking species with a vibrant red bill and contrasting plumage. These large pigeons are more commonly found in Central and South America.

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9. White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi):

Native to South Texas and the Rio Grande Valley, the White-tipped Dove is characterized by its subtle grayish-brown coloring and distinct white tips on its tail feathers. Their cooing is a common sound in the brushlands of the region.

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10. Ruddy Ground-Dove (Columbina talpacoti):

Occasional visitors to southern Texas, Ruddy Ground-Doves are recognized for their warm reddish-brown plumage and distinctive blue eye rings. These doves are often found in brushy areas and open woodlands.

11. Ringed Turtle-Dove (Streptopelia risoria):

An introduced species to Texas, the Ringed Turtle-Dove is recognizable by its distinctive black-and-white ringed collar. These doves are commonly found in urban and suburban areas and are often kept as pets.

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12. White-crowned Pigeon (Patagioenas leucocephala):

Native to southern Texas, the White-crowned Pigeon is distinguished by its striking white crown and contrasting grayish-blue plumage. These pigeons are often found in tropical and subtropical habitats.

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How many types of dove are in Texas?

Texas is home to a diverse range of doves, with approximately a dozen species commonly found in the state. These include the Mourning Dove, White-winged Dove, Eurasian Collared-Dove, Inca Dove, Common Ground-Dove, and others.

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What are the types of doves?

The types of doves in Texas include the Mourning Dove, White-winged Dove, Eurasian Collared-Dove, Inca Dove, Common Ground-Dove, Rock Pigeon, Scaled Quail, Red-billed Pigeon, White-tipped Dove, Ruddy Ground-Dove, Ringed Turtle-Dove, and White-crowned Pigeon.

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What do doves eat in Texas?

Doves in Texas have a varied diet that includes seeds, grains, and small insects. They often forage on the ground for food, and their diet may also include fruits and berries.

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Are there turtle doves in Texas?

Yes, there are turtle doves in Texas. The Ringed Turtle-Dove is an introduced species commonly found in urban and suburban areas.

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What do Texas doves look like?

Texas doves exhibit a range of appearances. Common features include soft, muted colors like gray and brown, with distinctive markings such as white wing patches, collars, or scaled patterns. Sizes vary from small species like the Inca Dove to larger pigeons.

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Is dove and pigeon the same?

While doves and pigeons belong to the same family (Columbidae), the terms are often used interchangeably. In general, doves are perceived as smaller, with a gentler appearance, while pigeons are larger and may have a more robust build.

Can doves eat rice?

Yes, doves can eat rice. However, it’s essential to ensure that the rice is cooked and not raw. Cooked rice is a safe and digestible option for doves.

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Do doves need water?

Yes, like all birds, doves need access to water for drinking and bathing. Providing a water source in your yard or garden can attract doves and other bird species.

How many doves are in Texas per person?

Estimating the exact number of doves per person in Texas is challenging due to the dynamic and migratory nature of these birds. Doves are widespread, and their population can vary based on factors like habitat, food availability, and seasonal migration patterns. Conservation efforts play a crucial role in maintaining healthy dove populations throughout the state.

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The diverse array of doves in Texas reflects the state’s rich ecological tapestry. From the ubiquitous Mourning Dove to the less common White-crowned Pigeon, these birds contribute to the natural beauty and balance of Texas’ ecosystems. As stewards of the environment, it is crucial for residents and visitors alike to appreciate and conserve the habitats that support this remarkable diversity of doves in the Lone Star State.

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