12 Types Of Snakes In Texas [Venomous & Non-Venomous]

Texas, a state known for its diverse wildlife, is home to a remarkable array of snake species. With its varied landscapes ranging from forests to deserts, this southwestern state provides an ideal habitat for a multitude of snakes. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the intriguing world of serpents, exploring 12 distinct types of snakes found in the vast and diverse state of Texas.

12 Types Of Snakes In Texas [Venomous & Non-Venomous]

1. Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox)

The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake is an iconic Texan species. Recognizable by its diamond-shaped patterns and distinctive rattling tail, it is one of the most venomous snakes in North America.

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2. Texas Coral Snake (Micrurus tener)

Featuring vibrant bands of red, yellow, and black, the Texas Coral Snake is a venomous species often mistaken for non-venomous look-alikes. Its striking appearance serves as a warning to potential predators.

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3. Western Rat Snake (Pantherophis obsoletus)

Also known as the Texas Rat Snake, this non-venomous species is a proficient climber and a valuable ally for farmers, as it helps control rodent populations.

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4. Bullsnake (Pituophis catenifer sayi)

Often mistaken for rattlesnakes due to their similar coloration and behavior, Bullsnakes are non-venomous constrictors. They play a crucial role in the ecosystem by controlling rodent populations.

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5. Eastern Hognose Snake (Heterodon platirhinos)

Known for their upturned snouts and dramatic defensive displays, Eastern Hognose Snakes are harmless, yet fascinating, members of the Texan snake fauna.

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6. Coachwhip Snake (Masticophis flagellum)

With its slender body and incredible speed, the Coachwhip Snake is an agile predator. These non-venomous snakes are skilled climbers and feed on a variety of prey.

7. Cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus)

Often found near water sources, Cottonmouths, also known as water moccasins, are venomous pit vipers. Their potent venom makes them one of the most feared snakes in Texas.

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8. Speckled Rattlesnake (Crotalus mitchellii)

Featuring distinct speckled patterns, this rattlesnake species is found in the arid regions of Texas. Their camouflage helps them blend seamlessly with their surroundings.

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9. Glossy Snake (Arizona elegans)

Glossy Snakes are non-venomous and possess smooth, glossy scales. They are highly adaptable and can be found in various habitats, from deserts to grasslands.

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10. Western Ribbon Snake (Thamnophis proximus)

A slender and agile snake, the Western Ribbon Snake is non-venomous and often found near water. Their remarkable speed and climbing abilities aid in hunting for prey.

11. Eastern Coral Snake (Micrurus fulvius)

Although not as common as its Texas counterpart, the Eastern Coral Snake occasionally ventures into the state. Its striking coloration serves as a warning of its potent venom.

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12. Rough Green Snake (Opheodrys aestivus)

Known for its vibrant green coloration and slender body, the Rough Green Snake primarily preys on insects. This non-venomous species is harmless to humans and a valuable part of the ecosystem.

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What snake is most common in Texas?

The most common snake species in Texas is the Western Rat Snake (Pantherophis obsoletus). Also known as the Texas Rat Snake, it is non-venomous and frequently encountered due to its adaptability to various habitats, including forests, grasslands, and urban areas.

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What are the 4 dangerous snakes in Texas?

The four dangerous snakes in Texas are the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox), the Texas Coral Snake (Micrurus tener), the Cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus), and the Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus). All these species are venomous and should be approached with caution.

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How many types of snakes are in Texas?

Texas is home to over 105 different species of snakes. This diverse range of serpents includes both venomous and non-venomous species, each adapted to specific environments within the state.

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What is the strongest snake in Texas?

The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) is considered one of the strongest snakes in Texas. It possesses a potent venom and is equipped with strong muscles, enabling it to deliver a powerful strike to subdue its prey.

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What snake bites most in Texas?

Among the snakes in Texas, the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) is responsible for most snakebites in the state. Its aggressive nature and wide distribution contribute to its involvement in a significant number of snakebite incidents.

Is a Texas rat snake poisonous?

No, the Texas Rat Snake (Pantherophis obsoletus), also known as the Western Rat Snake, is not poisonous. It is a non-venomous constrictor snake and poses no threat to humans. However, it is important to note that even non-venomous snakes can bite if they feel threatened, so caution is still necessary.

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Where are most snakes in Texas?

Snakes in Texas can be found in various habitats, but they are most commonly encountered in rural areas, forests, grasslands, wetlands, and near bodies of water. Additionally, urban areas with gardens and wooded spaces can also host snake populations.

Are there big snakes in Texas?

Yes, there are big snakes in Texas. The Eastern Indigo Snake (Drymarchon couperi), which can reach lengths of up to 8 feet, is one of the largest snake species in the state. Additionally, certain species of pythons, such as the Burmese Python (Python bivittatus), have been found in the wild, although they are not native to Texas.

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What is the fastest snake in Texas?

The Coachwhip Snake (Masticophis flagellum) holds the title for being the fastest snake in Texas. This species is known for its exceptional speed and agility, making it a formidable predator in the Texan wilderness.


The diverse snake species inhabiting Texas play essential roles in the state’s ecosystems. While some inspire fear due to their venomous nature, others are harmless and contribute significantly to controlling pest populations. Understanding and appreciating this rich variety of snakes is crucial for fostering a harmonious coexistence between humans and wildlife in the Lone Star State. As we continue to explore and conserve Texas’ natural habitats, the captivating world of these serpentine creatures remains an integral part of the state’s ecological tapestry.

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